names of God


names of God
1) In the OT. Yahweh: but when being read aloud the title Adonai (‘My great Lord’) was substituted out of reverence. When vowels were added to the Hebrew text, the vowels of Adonai were combined with YHWH to jog the reader's memory to use Adonai. (Hence the incorrect English hybrid ‘Jehovah’). Some modern Jewish writers observe the traditional reverence by writing ‘G—d’.
El: God, in Canaanite vocabulary, but found also in the OT, sometimes in conjunction with another word, e.g. Beth el = House of God.
Elohim: the more common form in the OT; it is plural in form, emphasizing majesty.
El Shaddai: God Almighty (perhaps originally, God of the mountains).
Adonai: My great Lord—used for kings, but after the Exile to replace ‘Yahweh’ in worship.
Baal: the Canaanite deity to whom the Israelites sometimes turned; for this they were denounced by Hosea, and other prophets.
2) In the NT. Theos: the standard Greek word for God translating in LXX the Hebrew Elohim. Used of Jesus once (John 20:28).
Kurios [[➝ kurios]]: the Greek used for Yahweh in the LXX, and printed as THE LORD in some English versions. Often used of Jesus (e.g. John 20:28), but can also be applied to a person in a high position, ‘sir’ (Matt. 27:63; John 12:21). Another Greek noun, despotes, meaning Lord in the LXX is found for God, translated ‘Master’ (NRSV, Luke 2:29), and for Jesus at 2 Pet. 2:1.
Alpha and Omega [[➝ alpha]]: the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet represent God as the Beginning and the End (Rev. 1:8) and applied to Jesus (Rev. 22:13).
The Holy One: Used of God by Isa. in OT and in NT (Rev. 16:5) but also of Jesus (Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34; John 6:69).

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Names of God — This article is about names for the monotheist notion of a singular God. For theonyms generally, see List of deities. A diagram of the names of God in Athanasius Kircher s Oedipus Aegyptiacus (1652–54). The style and form are typical of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Names of God in Judaism — Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Names of God in Islam — This article is part of the series …   Wikipedia

  • Names of God in Christianity — There are various names of God in Christianity. Some names refer to one person of the Trinity, while others refer to the entire Trinity. There are a number of names that can refer either to God the Father or to the entire Trinity, and often God… …   Wikipedia

  • Names of God in the Qur'an — The 99 Names of Allah, also known as The 99 Most Beautiful Names of God (ArB|أسماء الله الحسنى ArTranslit|Asma’ Allah al Ḥusná), are the names of God (specifically, attributes) by which Muslims regard God and which are traditionally maintained as …   Wikipedia

  • Names of God in Old English poetry — In Old English poetry, many descriptive epithets for God were used to satisfy alliterative requirements. These epithets include: Main Name (Old English) Name meaning Attestations Cyning King wuldres Cyning King of Glory The Dream of the Rood[1]… …   Wikipedia

  • The Nine Billion Names of God — This article is about the short story. For the short story collection, see The Nine Billion Names of God (collection). The Nine Billion Names of God Author Arthur C. Clarke Country United Kingdom Language English …   Wikipedia

  • 101 Names of God — In Zoroastrianism, 101 names of God (Pazand Sad o yak nam i khoda) is a list of names of God (Ahura Mazda). The list is preserved in Persian, Pazand and Gujarati. Parsi tradition expanded this to a list of 1001 names of God .[1] The 101… …   Wikipedia

  • Seven Names of God Prayer — The Seven Names of God Prayer is a prayer given by Meher Baba to his close disciples to memorize and recite at certain times during his life.: Hari, Paramatma, Allah, Ahuramazda, God, Yezdan, Hu Meher Baba composed the prayer on June 16, 1927 for …   Wikipedia

  • The Nine Billion Names of God (collection) — infobox Book | name = The Nine Billion Names of God title orig = translator = image caption = author = Arthur C. Clarke illustrator = cover artist = country = United States language = English series = genre = Science fiction Short stories… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.